How to Build Craftsman Style Roof Brackets

The Craftsman style originated in the early 1900s in California and continued to spread throughout the country until about 1930. The simple style was used primarily on -- but not… Read More

Exterior Trim Descriptions

Exterior trim includes the moldings and boards that give a finished look to the outside of a home or other structure. Sometimes trim pieces cover a transition between two sections… Read More

The Terminology for Stair Rails

Balustrade is the name given to a completed stair rail assembly, which may be as simple as a handrail mounted on top of newel posts and balusters or more complex… Read More

How to Figure Out the Width With the Height and Slope of a Roof

Understanding a construction project mathematically or on paper before you begin the work of cutting and nailing reduces frustrations and construction time by ensuring an efficient and smooth process. When… Read More

How to Draw a Basement

Drawing a basement includes the same basic elements as other types of room drawings. Find out how to draw a basement with help from a registered interior designer in this… Read More

How to Draw a Kitchen

How you will draw a kitchen will be different from the way you would draw something like a bathroom. Draw a kitchen with help from a registered interior designer in… Read More

How to Draw Better in Drafting

Drawing in drafting requires a lot of care, patience and persistence. Draw better in drafting with help from a registered interior designer in this free video clip. Read More

How to Draw Blueprints to Build a House

It's hard to build a house without an accurate set of blueprints. Find out how to draw blueprints to build a house with help from a registered interior designer in… Read More

How to Draw a Layout of Basement Stairways

Basement stairways typically connect the basement to the ground floor of the house. Draw a layout of basement stairways with help from a registered interior designer in this free video… Read More

How to Draw Roof Lines for a House Addition

Roof lines for a house addition need to be drawn in a very specific way to be as accurate as possible. Draw roof lines for a house addition with help… Read More

How to Draw a Building Floor Plan to Scale

Drawing a building floor plan to scale means paying close attention to the proportions of your drawings. Draw a building floor plan to scale with help from a registered interior… Read More

How to Draw Floor Plans for Two-Story Houses

When drawing floor plans for two story houses, you'll have to include some very specific elements to make sure that your drawing is accurate. Draw floor plans for two story… Read More

How to Establish a Vanishing Point in Architectural Drawing

Establishing a vanishing point within an architectural perspective requires you to keep a few key things in mind. Establish a vanishing point within an architectural perspective with help from a… Read More

How to Design a Walk-in Closet With a Window in It?

A walk-in closet is a useful addition to any room in a home. They provide ample storage and allow you to view the items stored within with ease. No matter… Read More

How to Determine if a Wall Is Structural on a Ranch Style House

Walls in homes come in two styles -- non-load bearing and load bearing. Non-load bearing walls play no role in the structural integrity of the house. They divide the interior… Read More

How Is a Balcony Built?

A balcony can add aesthetic value to your house’s facade while providing extra space and outdoor areas to the home. Balconies resemble decks, though they differ in a few key… Read More

How to Frame a Half Wall at the Top of the Stairs

If you're remodeling a stairs landing, one way to add an impression of space and light is to use a half wall at the top of the stairs. The half… Read More

Vaulted Ceiling Roof Structure Construction Requirements

The added height of vaulted ceilings and the removal of traditional ceiling joists means that a builder has specific challenges that need to be met. These include ensuring that the… Read More

How to Install the Timing Belt on a Clark Forklift

Forklifts are vehicles with front lifter forks that are used for moving pallets on loading docks and inside warehouses. Clark is the name of a prominent U.S. company that specializes… Read More

How to Install Roof Shingles on a Cupola

Cupolas originated in 8th-century Islamic culture as large, domed rooms, high amidst the mosque's minarets, from which morning calls to prayer were made. Cupolas, from the Latin "cupo," meaning little… Read More

How Much Weight Will a Truss Roof Hold?

Roof trusses need enough load bearing capacity to support the permanent weight of a roof and anything that ends up on that roof. Types of loads placed on roof trusses… Read More

Cracks on a Horizontal Foundation

Most residential homes have horizontal foundations, which provide structural support for the building. Cracks in these foundations can cause serious problems for the homeowner, and may lead to the failure… Read More

Difference Between Stairs & Staircase

Terms like "stairs," "staircase" and "stairwell" invoke some of the same images, but these terms do not mean precisely the same thing. To complicate matters further, all staircases refer to… Read More

How to Design a Back Porch Roof

A back porch adds square footage onto your home because it extends your living area into the outdoors. Adding a porch roof not only adds architectural interest, but it makes… Read More

What Is an Electrical Closet?

An electrical closet or electrical room is a designated chamber that contains the central hub and control interface of a building's electrical circuits. Electrical closets vary in size and number… Read More

How to Transform a Ranch-Style House Into a Craftsman's Bungalow

The ranch house and craftsman’s bungalow have some similarities, including easy access to the yard. Depending on the designer and the decade in which your ranch-style home was built, its… Read More

What Skylight to Use on a Flat Roof

Flat roofs require numerous specialized considerations – they need protection from strong winds and updrafts, you can’t use standard weight distribution techniques, they need special drainage systems. While flat roofs… Read More

Connecticut Building Codes for Stairs and Handrails

The state of Connecticut's building codes for stairs and handrails govern the height, steepness, strength and other details that affect the safety of stairs and handrails in both houses and… Read More

How to Calculate the Snow Load for a Roof Pitch

Three types of load affect roof construction. First is dead load -- the roof framing and covering -- calculated based on the weight of those materials and the square footage… Read More

Do Roof Trusses Need Support in the Center?

Deciding to undertake building projects in and around the home requires some mechanical knowledge. For instance, determining whether roof trusses need support in the center entails numerous considerations, rather than… Read More

How to Calculate the Floor Space Index of a Particular Property

The floor space index (FSI) of a property is another name for the floor area ratio. The FSI is used by zoning districts to control the growth of buildings. In… Read More

How to Convert a Ranch to a Craftsman-Style Home

If you are bored with your ranch-style home, there is hope. A ranch home can be converted into a Craftsman-style abode with two full days of work on the weekend… Read More

Characteristics of Neo-Eclectic Houses

Neo-eclecticism is an architectural style also referred to as post-modernism. A reaction to modernism, neo-eclectic architecture rejects the modernist need to simplify and innovate, returning instead to traditional architectural precedents… Read More

How to Frame a Soffit Around an I-Beam

Soffitt is a term used to describe a box that is built down from the ceiling. Soffits can be used to hide structural features or to provide a proper place… Read More

Kindergarten Design Ideas

Several architects around the world have built and designed kindergarten schools that combine aesthetics, utility and purpose. These buildings do not only foster learning, but also create a relaxed and… Read More

Can You Use Cornice Versus Crown on a Ceiling?

Architecturally speaking, ceilings and walls exist as functional pieces providing support and spatial definition in home and building design. However, ceilings and walls may also hold aesthetic value. Everything from… Read More

How to Make an Easy Canal Lock

Humans have used canal locks since early Roman times in order to control waterways so that ships can travel further inland to deliver goods. You can build the simplest form… Read More

How to Buy a Fake Dormer for Your Roof

Dormer windows have long been a part of American architecture. The build-outs, cut into the roof and aligned with the attic, provide additional space and let in light. In recent… Read More

What Is a Concrete Frost Wall?

While all houses seemingly exhibit the same basic facets – walls, roofs, windows, doors and more – regional conditions often affect the specifics of building construction. Buildings in cold climates,… Read More

What Kind of Stairs Save the Most Space?

When building a home, you need to try to make the most of the space that you have available, especially when building a smaller residence. The average staircase takes up… Read More

What Is a Non-Egress Basement?

An egress from a basement can be either a walk-out door or a window. A basement without an egress is a basement without a proper method for existing to the… Read More

Building Secret Doors in Houses

A secret door is a truly rare feature to find in a modern house. If you want your home to have something that sets it apart from everyone else, this… Read More

The Types of Farmhouses

The farmhouse is a classical home style that provides both space and function. Farmhouses are particularly popular in areas of agriculture, but they are also found on smaller plots of… Read More

Disadvantages of a Gable Roof

The gable roof design has been popular worldwide for many years, according to the Roof Types website. It is a common roofing design that looks like an upside-down "V". The… Read More

Roof Pitch Calculation

Calculating a roof's pitch and head clearance requires a few carpentry tools, basic math skills and of course, a little balance. The roof's pitch is an important design element, as… Read More

Typical Roof Slope

When it comes to residential home construction, the slope of the roof is dependent on the design of the home, the type of weather in the area and, of course,… Read More

How to Dig Underground Tunnels

There are several reasons why someone might want to dig a tunnel. Most of these are professional (installing pipes or wiring), but there are occasions when a homeowner might want… Read More

What Is a Chiller Plant?

Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning systems regulate the comfort levels of many indoor environments. A chiller plant is a centralized system that cools the air for a building or for a… Read More

How Steep Is a 7 Pitch Roof?

In roof construction language, a 7 pitch, or 7-12 pitch roof has a rise of 7 inches for every 12 inches of roof length (also known as roof run). The… Read More

What Is a 3-12 Roof Pitch?


construction terms, a roof with a 3-12 roof pitch has three feet of vertical rise, which is otherwise known as roof rise, for every 12 feet of length, or… Read More

How to Build a Tire Wall

Building a house or other structure out of used tires offers a unique, affordable and practical construction opportunity. Tire walls, which are typically built using tires that have been tightly… Read More

How to Remodel From a Ranch to Bungalow

Ranch homes, also known as ramblers, are generally one-story homes that sprawl across a plot of land. Bungalows, on the other hand, are known for being compact and cozy, and… Read More

How to Make a Ladder Truss

Trusses are building support members that allow you to span gaps while evenly distributing weight across them. Ladder trusses, or Vierendeel trusses, are so named because of their resemblance to… Read More

Advantages & Disadvantages of a Dutch Hip Roof Style

Roofing is an important part of home design, both structurally and aesthetically. The style of the roof creates the overall look and feel of a home exterior and will decide… Read More

How Is Geometry Used to Design a House?

Points, lines, angles, curves, two- and three-dimensional shapes, volumes and proportions form the basics of home design as well as geometry. The living space of homes contains a wealth of… Read More

How to Read Highway Blueprints

Civil engineers design highways and create large sets of documents called highway blueprints. These plans are sheets of drawings and charts that illustrate proposed new roadways or existing road improvements.… Read More

How to Refill 20 Lb Propane Tanks at Home

Propane tanks are a common sight in the summer when they are used to power gas grills. Of course, propane serves a range of other functions, including heating homes and… Read More

Threaded Steel Pipe Pressure Ratings

Steel pipe transports liquids and gasses in industrial and residential systems. The most common way to join two lengths of steel piping together is by threaded pipe. Circular threads are… Read More

Advantages and Disadvantages of A-Frame Houses

An A-frame home is so named because of its steep, triangular roof that resembles the letter “A.” These structures are generally small, at most one and a half stories, but… Read More

What Is a Duct Bank?

Duct banks are groups of conduits designed to protect and consolidate cabling to and from buildings. In a duct bank, data and electrical cables are laid out within PVC conduits… Read More

Ideas for Split-Entry House Designs

Often synonymous with the terms bi-level and split-level, split-entry homes often feature one to three separate floors. The lower floor's height sits partially or fully below ground level. Usually housed… Read More

Roof Slope Multiplying Factors

Calculating the roof slope factor is not that difficult. All you need is a simple trigonometry equation and a calculator that has a square root button. If you need to… Read More

How to Build a Simple Earthquake-Proof Model

Architecture and engineering require structures to resist environmental factors and loads. A building or object must resist the force of gravity, but it must also carry the loads of its… Read More

How Are Lines & Angles Used in the Real World?

Most of us learn about the functions of lines and angles when we begin learning geometry and algebra. Lines and angles are all around us in everything we see every… Read More

The Advantages & Disadvantages of Sod Houses

Sod houses are homes that are constructed of hard, soil blocks cut from the earth. Builders pile sod bricks on other sod bricks. Sod homes were popular with early American… Read More

Maine Railing Height Rules

Railings are required in raised areas and stairways, and, in Maine, their height is regulated by the Maine building code. Interior railings are called "handrails," and are generally required in… Read More

How to Find Square on a Foundation

Determining the square of the foundation is important to get the proper right angles in the corners of a room. In construction-speak, it is called the 3-4-5 rule, but for… Read More

Small Post & Beam Cabins

Small post and beam constructed cabins will outlast most other types. The difference is that square framing posts are used in an exposed aesthetic for both a decorative and architectural… Read More

In a Passive Solar System by What Is the Energy Collected?

Passive solar energy collection harnesses the heat of the sun without using any moving parts or photochemical interaction. Instead a building is designed and positioned in such a way that… Read More

Influence of Climate on Traditional Architecture

Climate is the measure of temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, rainfall and other meteorological elements that determine a region's local weather patterns year round. Climate can be affected by an… Read More

How to Make Your Own Blueprints for Free

Designing a building is a time-consuming, difficult process, and most buildings require, by law, an architect. However, some municipalities allow laypeople to design homes under 5,000 square feet or accessory… Read More

The Design Layout of '50s Rambler Houses

Rambler homes became widespread across the country in the 1950s. A rambler also goes by ranch-style, ranch bungalow, ranchette and California colonial, or less formal names such as ranch burger.… Read More

How to Design Your Bungalow

The bungalow style house is typically a one to one-and-a-half story home with vaulted ceilings, an open floor plan and a front porch. Bungalows are known for using every square… Read More

How to Install a Lam Beam

Glue laminated wood beams (or simply lam beams) consist of multiple layers of wood, pressed and glued together to form very strong, long solid wood sections that are stronger than… Read More

Definition of Tudor Style

Hearkening back to classic English medieval architecture, the original Tudor cottages were built around the end of the 15th Century. The Tudors name comes from the ruling family of the… Read More

Cable-Stayed Bridge Types

Cable-stayed bridges, generally confused with suspension bridges, differ in the way the cables attach to the bridge. Cable-stayed bridges use different materials and reinforcement systems. These bridges are often cheaper… Read More

How to Braze Steel

Brazing, a metal-joining process, uses capillary action to bind workpieces together at temperatures above 842 degrees Fahrenheit. It involves the use of a filler, which holds the base metals together,… Read More

How to Use a Grade Rod

Grade rods are tools used to measure a change in elevation. Commonly constructed from wood, plastic or aluminum, grade rods are available in a variety of sizes and units of… Read More

What Is Modernism in Architecture?

Modernism is a form of architecture often associated with Frank Lloyd Wright. Though he preceded modernism by some 20 years, Wright introduced the linearity and simplicity of external form that… Read More

The Architectural Styles of the 1920s and 1930s

The turn of the 20th century brought about a change in architectural styles in the United States. By the 1920s and 1930s, American architects were experimenting with various new design… Read More

Studio Vs. Loft

Sometimes people do not use the terms "studio" and "loft" correctly. Both words are used to refer to an apartment or condo where most of the available floor space is… Read More

How to Calculate Sun Shade Angles

Calculating the angle of shade created by the sun can be very helpful when designing a home. By using this information you can enable your home to be shaded in… Read More

Styles of Truss Rafters

Most of today’s homebuilders no longer use traditional ceiling joists and roof rafters to frame a roof. Instead, they install a prefabricated roof, which makes for a simpler construction process… Read More

What Is a Brick Lintel?

A brick lintel is a structural component, like a beam, that is placed horizontally over an opening such as a window to support the weight of the wall above it.… Read More

OSHA Approved Handrails for Stairs

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has specific requirements for the construction of handrails used in stairways. These specifications define the size, position and construction of handrails in relation… Read More

How to Screw a Bolt on a Brick Wall

When you stand in front of a brick wall, you see thick brick and solid concrete. It may look impossible to screw a bolt into the brick wall to add… Read More

How to Build a Massing Model

A massing model shows the spatial envelope, or exterior, of a structure. It conveys the form of the building and the relation to its context, but not the interior design.… Read More

Difference Between Owens Corning 703 & 705

Owens Corning is an American company that specializes in manufacturing building materials, like insulation, roofing materials, windows, technical fabrics and noise control products. The Fiberglas 700 Series insulation are made… Read More

How to Weld Rebar

Rebar is used in construction involving concrete. Iron rods of varying lengths and diameters are constructed in cage formations, and concrete is poured over them. The rebar is used to… Read More

Standard Concrete Footing Measurements

Footings provide a stabilizing base on which a building's foundation can be built. The minimum width measurement of concrete footings is based on the load the soil can accept and… Read More

How to Install Crown Molding Around Air Vents

Most homeowners love crown molding. If crown molding has not already been installed in a home when it is bought, many homeowners will take the time to install it themselves.… Read More

Angle Bar Uses

An angle bar, also known as an "L-bracket" or an "angle iron," is a metal bracket in the form of a right angle. It is made of galvanized steel and… Read More

The Effects of Unplanned Development

As suburban communities continue to expand, typically in a random pattern driven by availability of inexpensive land that can accommodate large numbers of cars, the lack of planning not only… Read More

Architectural Uses of Symmetry

Symmetry in architecture implies axiality, or centrality in the form of the building. Bilateral symmetry creates a balance in an architectural element or structure, whereas radial symmetry creates a locus… Read More

What Is a Detached House?

A detached house is an independently standing house that does not touch the neighboring houses. Surrounded by land, a detached house usually has a lawn and garden as well. Common… Read More

Contemporary Architecture Characteristics

Contemporary architecture is a broad classification of recent building designs that has found frequent expression in both residential and commercial buildings. Architects of contemporary structures are known for creating buildings… Read More

Restrictions on Lagoon Vs. Septic in Missouri

Whether you are allowed to use a septic tank or a lagoon in Missouri depends upon a number of factors, including the location of the home, local population density, and… Read More

What Are Oblique & Cavalier Drawings?

Oblique drawings are three-dimensional representations with a vertical face of the drawn object parallel to the picture plane. Oblique drawings are scaled accurately horizontally and vertically, however, the depicted object's… Read More

The Advantages of Arch Structures

Arches have many forms such as a the Roman arch or clover arch. An arch works primarily in compression, and handles compressive loads, not tensile loads. An example of a… Read More

How to Form Up for a Monolithic Slab

Monolithic concrete slabs are entire slab sections made in one pouring of concrete. Creating a form for a monolithic slab can be done easily with a few commonly found building… Read More

Category: Architecture

Similar articles: