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Medieval architecture

Medieval Crusaders

Medieval Architecture

Medieval Architecture

Medieval Architecture

Medieval Architecture featured different styles which were called Romanesque, the French Style, Perpendicular style both more commonly as Gothic architecture. The following dates clarify the different styles of Medieval Architecture:

  • Romanesque Architecture - 1066 to 1200 - Norman or Romanesque architecture
  • Gothic Architecture - 1200 to 1300 - Early English Gothic Architecture ( also called Lancet Gothic architecture )
  • Gothic Architecture - 1300 to 1400 - Decorated style of Gothic Architecture featuring Gargoyles
  • Perpendicular Gothic Architecture - 1400 to 1500 - Perpendicular style of Gothic Architecture

The characteristics of the different types of Medieval Architecture are as follows:

  • Romanesque Architecture - 1066 to 1200 - Romanesque architecture is characterized by round arches and vaults and by the substitution of piers for columns. Romanesque architects and builders generally used round arches and only very occasionally employed slightly pointed ones.
  • Gothic Architecture - 1200 to 1500 - Gothic architecture is characterized by stained-glass windows, gargoyles. flying buttresses, tall spires, turrets and pointed arches.

Medieval Architecture - Romanesque Architecture

The early Middle Ages saw the emergence of Romanesque architecture. Romanesque Architecture is the term which is used to describe the building styles which were used between 800 - 1100AD. The name of this style of Middle Ages architecture leads to the immediate association with this style of architecture is with the Roman

Empire. The reason for this association are the similarities between Roman Architecture especially the Roman 'barrel vault' and the Roman arch. The Middle Ages Romanesque Architecture was the first major style of architecture to be developed after the collapse of the Roman Empire.

Romanesque Architecture - Defining Features

The Romanesque Architecture of the Middle Ages can be defined as having the following features:

  • Stone used in Romanesque architecture was cut with precision
  • The use of the Roman arch led to the stone being supported in the middle by the arch construction
  • Buttresses were introduced as a means of support to the basic design in Romanesque architecture in Medieval Times
  • The vault was developed to enable the construction of stone roofs. Barrel or Tunnel Vaults - consisted of a continuous surface of semicircular or pointed sections resembling a barrel or tunnel which has been cut in half lengthwise. Groin Vaults were produced by the intersection, at right angles of two barrel vaults. The arches of groin vaults were either pointed or round

Medieval Architecture - Gothic Architecture

  • The use of the Gothic arch led to the construction of light and airy structures - lightening and heightening of Gothic structures
  • Wider window openings
  • Gothic Rose Windows
  • Flying buttresses
  • An increased number of towers
  • Decorative designs and sculptures including Gargoyles

Gothic Architecture - The Pointed Gothic arch

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