Cannabis is a recreational drug that is composed of hemp and marijuana. Research on this plant leads to a neurotransmitter system “endocannabinoid”. This is an active system in humans that aids in the maintenance of balance, and health throughout the body.
The cannabis plant is made up of several types of chemical compounds that directly deal with the ECS. Let us know more about the types of cannabis compounds present in CBD Oil.
Cannabinoidsare one of the well-studied and popular compounds present in the cannabis plant. They are found in abundance in the production of resin glands. These glands are spread all across the surface of the cannabis plant.
This plant produces more than sixty terpene-derived “phytocannabinoids” that are distinctive to cannabis. Compounds like CBD and THC are in abundance. There are also several other compounds in small amounts.
The naturally occurring Cannabinoids work with the endocannabinoid system using CB1 and CB2 receptors. By these interactions, cannabinoids generate a variety of healing impact on key systems in the body.
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When acid cannabinoids get exposed to heat via decarboxylation or via exposure to air, or light, then there are various opportunities for the manufacture of other cannabinoids.
The following types of raw cannabinoids act as a precursor to other types of cannabinoids:
- CBGA (Cannabigerolic Acid)
- THCA (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid)
- CBDA (Cannabidiolic Acid)
- CBCA (Cannabichromenic Acid)
- CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic Acid)
- THCVA (Tetrahydrocannabivarinic Acid)
- CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic Acid)
- CBCVA (Cannabichromevarinic Acid)
Cannabinoids Via by Heating
By the decarboxylation of the different types of acid-form cannabinoids, different types of ‘activated’ cannabinoids are produced:
- CBD (Cannabidiol)
- Δ9-THC (Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol)
- CBG (Cannabigerol)
- CBGV (Cannabigerovarin)
- CBC (Cannabichromene)
- CBDV (Cannabidivarin)
- THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)
- CBCV (Cannabichromevarin)
Cannabinoids secreted by aging
Due to the aging of activated, or raw cannabinoids via UV light exposure and oxygen, the ‘aged’ cannabinoids are secreted:
- Δ8-THC (Δ8-Tetrahydrocannabinol)
- CBNA (Cannabinolic Acid)
- CBN (Cannabinol)
- CBL (Cannabicyclol)
- CBLA (Cannabicyclolic Acid)
Terpenes are basically fragrant molecules. These molecules originate from various kinds of plants that comprise of a wide range of terpenes that vary from one strain to another. The combination of various major and minor terpenes provides a unique fragrance to each of its strains.
The most common and abundant form of terpenes present in a cannabis plant is:
Around ten percent of the total chemical compounds present in the Cannabis plant is Flavonoids. These plants are present throughout nature in fruits, vegetables, and flowers. The major role of flavonoids is to offer color pigmentation to different plants.
Cannabis is a complex plant used for the treatment of pain, anxiety, inflammation, sleep disorders etc. These are the different compounds that make CBD Oil effective, and therapeutic.